Parivartan Slum Networking Programme in Ahmedabad,India




Watch this video on how strategies taken to reduce the problem of poor access to clean water and sanitation facilities. 
In the city of Ahmedabad, more than 20% of the population comprising of 1,76,754 families lived in 710 slums under sub-human conditions. Most of this population lived in conditions that didn’t have critical infrastructure. The Slum Networking approach (SNP) called Parivartan adapted by AMC (Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation), though based on the slum networking approach of the DFID-funded Indore Habitat Improvement Project (IHIP), is substantially different in its settlement level approach and to partnerships with NGOs and communities. SNP in Ahmedabad has been designed to provide a package of infrastructure services in consultation with communities/ CBOs (community based organisations), NGO (Non-government organisations)   and the private sector. From its inception, SNP was designed to ensure that NGO partners directly provided or enabled access of communities to health and education services.

Situation before the programme
-  Total or partial absence of critical infrastructure like water supply, drainage, roads, toilets 
    and street lighting.
-    Over populated and congested.
-   Temporary structures with inadequate maintenance.
-    Lack of basic minimum education and insufficient skills.
-    Low income and poor standard of living.

Aims of the programme
-    Water supply to individual households.
-    Underground sewerage connection to individual households.
-    Toilets to individual households.
-    Paving of internal roads; lanes and by lanes in the slum localities.
-    Storm water drainage.
-    Street lighting.
-    Solid waste management

Success
-   Benefited 56,000 people in >40 slums
-   Expanded to include 59 more slums
-   Death rates declined from 6.9 per 1,000 people to 3.7 per 1,000 people
-   Surfaced road and better drainage facilities means less stagnant water, and thus less possibility of spread of disease and fewer people falling ill. 
-    Increased standard of living e.g. each household has their own toilet
-    With provision of basic amenities such as water, drainage etc, people upgrade their own shelter
-     Expenditure on health decrease and more can be spend on education.
-     With electricity supply, students can study better
-     With water provision, the woman now have more time to work to increase income.
-     Higher quality of life and standard of life


Limitations:
-   No targets / milestones were set to monitor the performance of the implementing agency
-  The slums were not developed on priority basis,
-  The slum networking basically deals with notified slum and not with the other poor
settlements, and because of lack of funds the project could only be carried out in phases.
-  While it benefited some slums, majority are still deprived of clean water and sanitation
facilities. 
-   Problem of sourcing for funds to extend project to more areas
-   Problem of getting the technology and expertise needed
-   Difficulty in changing traditional habits

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