Tourist industry 2014

2014 is a year full of misfortunes for the tourist industry and yet there is an increase in international tourists worldwide by 5% in the first 10 months of 2014 with more than 1.1 billion according to the latest UNWTO World Tourism Barometer,.

Transport disasters:
1. 239 people (mainly Chinese and Malaysian) on board flight MH370, which disappeared on 8 March on its way from KL to Beijing
3. 298 people (mainly Dutch, Malaysian and Australian) were on board MH17, which was shot down over eastern Ukraine on 17 July on their way from Netherlands to Malaysia
4. Taiwan: 48 dead (mainly Taiwanese with 2 French exchange program students) in Trans Asia Airways GE222 plane crash on Peng hu island on 23 July
5. Air Algerie flight AH5017 crashed in Mali, Africa with 116 people (mainly French on transit) on board 24 July
6. 162 people on board Air Asia which lose contact when flying from Surabaya to Singapore.

Outbreak of diseases:
Ebola outbreak in West Africa
Philippines advisory for travellers to ebola affected country -

Political unrests:
Thai crisis
social unrest in Vietnam
Protests in Vietnam
unrest in Turkey

Terrorism threat in Egypt -

example of travel advisory issued for travellers to countries facing political unrests -

Map on travel warnings -

How did the above affects the tourist industry?

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Eruption of Pico do Fogo volcano in Cabo Verde Nov 2014

Lava from Pico do Fogo volcano in Cabo Verde which erupted from the 23 November 2014, destroyed two nearby towns and about 1,500 inhabitants were evacuated and continued to advance.

Pictures on the eruption

Why do volcanoes erupt?
From the Wikipedia article -
1. Pico do Fogo is a stratovolcano. What is a stratovolcano?
2. Why do people continue to stay on the slopes of the volcano despite the dangers of eruptions?
3. What are the effects of the eruptions?
4. What efforts are made to reduce the harm from the eruptions?

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Earthquake Yun Nan 3 Aug 2014

More than 367 people died and nearly 2,000 were injured when a strong earthquake hit southwest China's mountainous Yunnan province on Sunday (August 3). Note the short term responses - setting up the relief team. Though the magnitude of the earthquake is only 6.1, it struck at a relatively shallow depth of 10 kilometres, many buildings collapsed resulting in more casualties.

Landslides following the 6.5-magnitude earthquake that struck Yunnan Province on Sunday have led to the formation of “barrier lakes.” The rising water levels in these lakes could potentially trigger devastating floods for those living downstream.

What was the impacts of the earthquake?
What are the responses to the earthquake as shown in the video clip?

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For my Geography students.. read the article from the link above and note the epicenter of the quake, the magnitude, the tsunamis, the aftershock, breakwater, evacuation and contaminated water... Revise on the cause, impacts and management of tectonic hazards

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Impact of hotspots and volcanic eruption on Singapore

Maps are very useful in illustrating the geographical concepts of Place, Space, Scale and Environment. You can see how the hotspots in Indonesia has affected Singapore and the region in June 2013.

The maps also showed how the haze was not only due to the hotspots but also affected by the wind direction.  The 2nd map showed the hotspots for the region on 3 Feb 2014.

Volcanic eruptions could have also affected Singapore as ashes are thrown out during the eruption. However due to the wind direction and the distance of the volcanoes from Singapore, we are not affected by the recent eruption of the volcanoes in Indonesia.

An eruption of Indonesia's Mount Sinabung on 4 February resulted in an ash plume of 3.6km. Based on dispersion model simulations by the Meteorological Service Singapore as well as Australia's Darwin Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre, the volcanic ash is expected to move southeast, and be confined to the northern half of Sumatra for the next 48 hours. The NEA added that three other volcanoes - Mount Karangatang, Mount Lokon and Mount Paluwah are likely to erupt but pose little threats,

The impacts of ash from volcanic eruption on people:
  • Health issues esp people with lung problems
  • Reduction of outdoor activities
  • Burns and even death from the hot ashes falling onto them
The impacts of ash from volcanic eruption on the environment:
  • Air pollution
  • Destruction of forest
  • Destruction of farmland
  • Contamination of water sources
The impacts of ash from volcanic eruption on the economy:
  • Higher medical cost
  • Lower productivity
  • Airlines companies suffer losses
  • Decline in tourists and fall in the tourist receipts

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