E-book 'Ocean fury"

Download the ST Stars e-book from https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.sph.ststar&hl=en  Download the e-book "Ocean's fury" for free.
Some extracts from the e-book on ocean's fury below:














Points to ponder:
  1. What cause a tsunamis?
  2. What are the impacts of a tsunamis?
  3. What are the short-term and long-term responses?
  4. How do they prepare for tsunamis?


A major earthquake with a magnitude 7.7 struck off Papua New Guinea on Monday and triggered a tsunami warning. Find out from the news article below the impact. http://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/asiapacific/tsunami-threat-has/1755694.html







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Singapore's 3rd desalination plant at Tuas

Singapore's 3rd desalination plant will be opened at Tuas. To prepare for “a future where dry spells may become more prolonged”, more desalination plants may be built to enhance water security, says the Minister for the Environment and Water Resources Dr Vivian Balakrishnan.

http://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/video/singapore-s-3rd/1709508.html


Read the news on
http://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/singapore/singapore-s-3rd/1708758.html

1. How does the opening of more desalination plants help to increase the water supply in Singapore?
2. How can water demand be managed?


What are the 4 National taps of Singapore?
Refer to the map and locate them.

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Impact of global warming on Aquatic life

Is global warming responsible for the death of fishes?

Read this article on Straits Time and find out more about the impacts of global warming in Singapore and Malaysia.
http://www.straitstimes.com/news/singapore/environment/story/plankton-bloom-causing-fish-deaths-likely-recur-20150309


Source: http://www.straitstimes.com/sites/straitstimes.com/files/20150309/PlanktonNEW09.jpg

After reading the article, reflect on the following questions:

What are the physical and human impacts of global warming mentioned in the article?
Are there ways which we can help to mitigate climate change?

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More extreme weather for Singapore?

You would have read the news that dry weather is expected to last for 2 more weeks at least last Monday on the Straits Times 2nd March 2014:
http://www.straitstimes.com/news/singapore/environment/story/dry-weather-expected-last-2-more-weeks-least-20150302

How has the weather affected us? 
How has the climate change affected Singapore?

Watch the news on how extreme weather has affected us in 2014: 




1.  What do you think is the main cause of the climate change?
2.  What is the more extreme weather caused by climate change in Singapore?
3.  What are the physical and human impacts of such extreme weather on us?


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Fewer tourists visited Singapore in 2014 but receipts hold firm

Fewer tourists visited Singapore last year compared to 2013. International visitor arrivals totalled 15.1 million last year, a 3.1 per cent dip from 2013's 15.6 million, which was a record in visitor arrivals. The drop last year was especially prominent in the China market. The number of Chinese visitors last year fell 24 per cent from 2013.  


The STB said the drop was likely due to factors such as the implementation of China's Tourism Law, regional socio-political issues and recent aviation incidents in the region.
But despite the dip in the total number of visitors, each visitor spent marginally more compared to 2013, with tourism receipts for 2014 holding steady at S$23.5 billion.
On the back of a stronger Korean won against the Singapore dollar, 14 per cent more South Koreans visited Singapore last year compared to 2013. The Hong Kong and Vietnam markets also saw an increase in visitor arrivals of 17 and 11 per cent, respectively, compared to 2013.

Source: http://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/singapore/fewer-tourists-visited/1650980.html

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Heavy rain from NE Monsoon

Heavy rain brought by NE Monsoon caused flooding in Malaysia.
Watch the video clip and reflect on the following:
1. What causes the formation of the NE Monsoon?
2. Why does the NE Monsoon bring heavy rain to Malaysia?
3. What are the impacts of the heavy rain?

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Leading cause of death in 2013

A map for the students to ponder -
What caused the difference in the reasons for deaths globally?
Is it connected to development?
Is it connected to food?

Source": http://www.vox.com/2015/1/2/7474995/map-years-lost-life…

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Human Development Indicator

Look at how the HDI varies across the countries on the interactive map. You can also drag the indicator along the time scale to see how the HDI have changed with time.
The interactive map is available on http://hdr.undp.org/en/data/map

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tourist industry 2014

2014 is a year full of misfortunes for the tourist industry and yet there is an increase in international tourists worldwide by 5% in the first 10 months of 2014 with more than 1.1 billion according to the latest UNWTO World Tourism Barometer,.
http://media.unwto.org/press-release/2014-12-18/international-tourism-track-end-2014-record-numbers

Transport disasters:
1. 239 people (mainly Chinese and Malaysian) on board flight MH370, which disappeared on 8 March on its way from KL to Beijing http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malaysia_Airlines_Flight_370http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sinking_of_the_MV_Sewol
3. 298 people (mainly Dutch, Malaysian and Australian) were on board MH17, which was shot down over eastern Ukraine on 17 July on their way from Netherlands to Malaysia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malaysia_Airlines_Flight_17
4. Taiwan: 48 dead (mainly Taiwanese with 2 French exchange program students) in Trans Asia Airways GE222 plane crash on Peng hu island on 23 July http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/TransAsia_Airways_Flight_222
5. Air Algerie flight AH5017 crashed in Mali, Africa with 116 people (mainly French on transit) on board 24 July http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Air_Alg%C3%A9rie_Flight_5017
6. 162 people on board Air Asia which lose contact when flying from Surabaya to Singapore. http://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/singapore/live-blog-missing-airasia/1553132.html

Outbreak of diseases:
Ebola outbreak in West Africa http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ebola_virus_epidemic_in_West_Africa
Philippines advisory for travellers to ebola affected country - http://www.healthpromo.doh.gov.ph/ebola/

Political unrests:
Thai crisis http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2013%E2%80%9314_Thai_political_crisis
social unrest in Vietnam http://www.economist.com/blogs/banyan/2014/06/social-unrest-Vietnam
Protests in Vietnam http://www.4hoteliers.com/news/story/13203
unrest in Turkey http://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-29530640

Terrorism threat in Egypt - https://www.gov.uk/foreign-travel-advice/egypt

example of travel advisory issued for travellers to countries facing political unrests - http://www.smartraveller.gov.au/zw-cgi/view/Advice/Index

Map on travel warnings - http://www.cbc.ca/news2/interactives/travel-warnings/

How did the above affects the tourist industry?

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Eruption of Pico do Fogo volcano in Cabo Verde Nov 2014

Lava from Pico do Fogo volcano in Cabo Verde which erupted from the 23 November 2014, destroyed two nearby towns and about 1,500 inhabitants were evacuated and continued to advance.

Pictures on the eruption http://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-30291041




 
Why do volcanoes erupt?
From the Wikipedia article -
1. Pico do Fogo is a stratovolcano. What is a stratovolcano?
2. Why do people continue to stay on the slopes of the volcano despite the dangers of eruptions?
3. What are the effects of the eruptions?
4. What efforts are made to reduce the harm from the eruptions?
 
 
 

 

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Earthquake Yun Nan 3 Aug 2014

More than 367 people died and nearly 2,000 were injured when a strong earthquake hit southwest China's mountainous Yunnan province on Sunday (August 3). Note the short term responses - setting up the relief team. Though the magnitude of the earthquake is only 6.1, it struck at a relatively shallow depth of 10 kilometres, many buildings collapsed resulting in more casualties. http://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/asiapacific/death-toll-from-southwest/1295220.html

Landslides following the 6.5-magnitude earthquake that struck Yunnan Province on Sunday have led to the formation of “barrier lakes.” The rising water levels in these lakes could potentially trigger devastating floods for those living downstream.
 

What was the impacts of the earthquake?
What are the responses to the earthquake as shown in the video clip?

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