Volcanic eruption affecting tourism in Bali

Read this article on how travel to Bali is affected due to the volcanic eruption of Mount Raung in East Java (natural disaster).

The volcanic ash from the eruption of Mount Raung in East Java has lead to the cancellation of 250 flights and thousands of tourists stranded in Bali on 10 July 2015. Flights have to be cancelled due to reduced visibility from the volcanic ash which posed a hazard in landing.

As posted earlier the outbreak of diseases such as MERS also affected tourist arrivals e.g. in South Korea. 

The economic situation of Greece has also discourage tourist arrivals. What other situations can you think of that affects tourist arrivals?

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Preparedness Measures for earthquakes

Read this article on how research in Singapore on building design can help to save lives in an earthquake. http://www.straitstimes.com/singapore/he-triggers-earthquakes-every-day

Associate Professor Li Bing has been working on the best way to make buildings quake-proof. In Nepal, for instance, six school buildings which had their beam and column structures wrapped with low-cost materials like wire mesh and glass fibre withstood April's 7.8-magnitude earthquake.

And when disaster strikes in Asia and Pacific regions, Singapore is often among the first to send rescue missions overseas. Meanwhile, the Changi Regional Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief Coordination Centre helps disaster-affected areas by coordinating multi-national military relief efforts.

Visit http://www.stopdisastersgame.org/en/playgame.html and play the game.
Record the strategies used in minimizing damage from earthquakes.

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Impact of MERS on tourism

Read this article on the spread of MERS and how it affected South Korea: http://www.channelnewsasia.com/mobile/asiapacific/south-korea-reports/1902010.html
Where did the disease originate?
When did the Middle East Respiratory Syndrom spread to Korea?
Who are affected?
Why does the outbreak affect tourism?
What is done to deal with the outbreak?

Source: https://www.pinterest.com/pin/523121312944392705/

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Earthquake rocks Nepal

Watch the video on the aftermath of the Earthquakes in Nepal and note down the impacts of the earthquakes.

Read more about it @ http://www.bbc.com/news/live/world-asia-32461412

A powerful earthquake rocked central Nepal, causing extensive damage to buildings and dozens of injuries and deaths on 25 April 2015. 

The quake measured 7.9 and struck an area between the capital Kathmandu and the city of Pokhara. Tremors were felt across the region, as far afield as Pakistan, Bangladesh and neighbouring India.


Read the article on Channel News Asia on the impacts and some of the short-term response which are critical in reducing the number of casualties. Search for victims, setting up shelters, medical and food.  http://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/asiapacific/nepal-quake-death-toll/1809230.html

A 6.8-magnitude quake hit eastern Nepal in August 1988 killing 721 people, and a magnitude 8.1 quake killed 10,700 people in Nepal and India in 1934.
Why is the area prone to earthquake? Are there ways to mitigate the impacts of earthquakes?

The death toll exceeded 4000 on 28 April 2015. More on the short-term response @

Rescue operation, shelter, food and medical aid are critical immediately after a natural disaster. 

Why is this so?
What can be done?
Who can help?
Where would the help be needed?
When must this help be rendered?
How is the rescue work carried out?

What are the measures to reduce the negative impacts of natural disasters in the long-term other than the immediate help given?

International efforts:

As @ 30 April, death toll exceeded 5000 - the survivor rioted against the unavailability of relief from the government. Read the following article and explain why short-term response is critical.

Read this article on 5 May 2015 on more short-term responses - rescue team, medical and food aid, immunization etc.

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Chile volcano eruption

Look at the video clip below and look at the extent of the eruption.

  • What is the type of volcano shown?
  • Where is the volcano located?
  • When did it last erupt before the eruption on 22 April 2015?
  • Who are the people affected?
  • Why do volcanoes erupt?
  • How do the people respond to the eruption?
Read more about the eruption on the BBC website which also shows a map of the location - http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-32425370

Read about the eruption on Channel News Asia which mentioned that the volcano is located on the Pacific rim of fire - found out more @ http://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/asiapacific/volcano-erupts-in/1802270.html

The negative economic impact of the eruption:

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Extreme weather creating havoc in New South Wales

Refer to the link below for pictures showing how NSW is affected by the extreme weather.
You have learned about global warming and the impacts of global warming. Is this a results of global warming?

As you watch the video clip below on the NSW storms, think about the following:
Where are the areas affected?
When did this happen?
Who are affected?
What are the impacts of the storms?
Why is New South Wales experiencing more and stronger storms now?
How can we help to mitigate climate change?

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Efforts by STB to attracts more tourists

A look at past STB campaigns since STB launched its first branding campaign  in 1984:

In 2014, there are 15.1 million tourists who visited Singapore - a dip of 3 per cent from 2013.  The Singapore Tourism Board  announced on 7 Apr 2015 a new $20 million campaign to pull visitors into Singapore.  Find out what is included in the campaign to attract more tourists.

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E-book 'Ocean fury"

Download the ST Stars e-book from https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.sph.ststar&hl=en  Download the e-book "Ocean's fury" for free.
Some extracts from the e-book on ocean's fury below:

Points to ponder:
  1. What cause a tsunamis?
  2. What are the impacts of a tsunamis?
  3. What are the short-term and long-term responses?
  4. How do they prepare for tsunamis?

A major earthquake with a magnitude 7.7 struck off Papua New Guinea on Monday and triggered a tsunami warning. Find out from the news article below the impact. http://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/asiapacific/tsunami-threat-has/1755694.html

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Singapore's 3rd desalination plant at Tuas

Singapore's 3rd desalination plant will be opened at Tuas. To prepare for “a future where dry spells may become more prolonged”, more desalination plants may be built to enhance water security, says the Minister for the Environment and Water Resources Dr Vivian Balakrishnan.


Read the news on

1. How does the opening of more desalination plants help to increase the water supply in Singapore?
2. How can water demand be managed?

What are the 4 National taps of Singapore?
Refer to the map and locate them.

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Impact of global warming on Aquatic life

Is global warming responsible for the death of fishes?

Read this article on Straits Time and find out more about the impacts of global warming in Singapore and Malaysia.

Source: http://www.straitstimes.com/sites/straitstimes.com/files/20150309/PlanktonNEW09.jpg

After reading the article, reflect on the following questions:

What are the physical and human impacts of global warming mentioned in the article?
Are there ways which we can help to mitigate climate change?

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More extreme weather for Singapore?

You would have read the news that dry weather is expected to last for 2 more weeks at least last Monday on the Straits Times 2nd March 2014:

How has the weather affected us? 
How has the climate change affected Singapore?

Watch the news on how extreme weather has affected us in 2014: 

1.  What do you think is the main cause of the climate change?
2.  What is the more extreme weather caused by climate change in Singapore?
3.  What are the physical and human impacts of such extreme weather on us?

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