Earthquake Sichuan, China 8 Aug 2017

Thirteen people, including six tourists, were killed and 175 injured when a 7.0 magnitude earthquake struck a remote, mountainous part Sichuan in China's southwest on 8 August 2017. The earthquake hit a sparsely populated area 200km northwest of the city of Guangyuan at a depth of 10km. It was also close to the Jiuzhaigou nature reserve, a tourist destination (UNESCO Site). A separate quake with a magnitude of 6.6 struck a remote part of China's far north-western region of Xinjiang, more than 2,000km away, on 9 Aug.

Watch the videos and reflect on the following:
Where did the earthquake occur?
When did the earthquake occur?
Who are affected?
What are the impacts of the earthquake?
Why is there a  need for search and rescue to be carried out immediately?

How will this impact on tourism in Jiuzhaigou, China?

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Deadliest volcanoes in history

Watch the video on the 5 deadliest volcanoes in history .

When did the volcaonoes erupt?
Where are the volcanoes found?
Who are affected by the volcanic eruption?
Why does temperature fall after a volcanic eruption?
What cause volcanoes to be formed?
How do people respond to volcanic eruption?

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Vaccine against Malaria

Read the article on the large-scale Vaccine against Malaria @

Where will the vaccine against Malaria be carried out?
When will the vaccine against Malaria be carried out?
Who are the ones most affect by Malaria in Africa?
Why is there a need for the large-scale vaccine against Malaria?
What other preventive measures are carried out against the spread of Malaria?
How are the countries selected for the trial?

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Cyclone Debbie hit Ayustralia

Cyclone Debbie made landfall near Airlie Beach, Australia, on 28 March 2017.

Watch the video below on how the cyclone was formed:

Read this article on "Cyclone Debbie: Why was aftermath deadlier than storm itself?"

When did the cyclone Debbie hit Australia?
Where were the areas hit by the cyclone?
Who are the ones affected by the cyclone?
Why was the cyclone damaging?
What were the impacts of the cyclone? 
How did the people respond to the cyclone?

Watch the video clip below and reflect on the social and economic impacts of the cyclone.

Interesting video on how the cyclones are named:

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Boosting tourism in Chinatown

Check out the news article below on the latest effort by the STB to boost tourism in Chinatown.

When was the historical installation ready for use?
Where are the historical installations located?
Who are the historical installations meant for?
Why is there a need for the installations?
What are the possible impacts of the installations?
How can this encourage more visitors to Chinatown?

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Vertical farming

Singapore's first vertical farm. Watch the video and reflect on how technology can help in achieving food security in Singapore.

Watch the video and reflect on the followings:
What is Vertical Farming?
When was Vertical Farming introduced in Singapore?
Where are vertical farming carried out?
Why is there a need for vertical farming?
Who can help in achieving food security in Singapore?
How can food security be achieved in Singapore?

In the global aspect, can vertical farms feed cities?
Watch this video clip on vertical farming in New Jersey.

Can this be the solution for negative environmental impacts of food production?

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Development of tourism - Little India

Watch this video and reflect on the following questions:

Where are the places shown in the video?
When was this video featured?
Who are involved?
What are the ways in which tourism are developed in Singapore?
Why is there a concern about the development of tourism in Little India?
How can tourism be sustained?

Watch another video from talking point on the same issue of sustainable tourism -

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Flooding in Southern Thailand

Watch the video and reflect on the followings:
What caused the flooding?
When did the flooding occur?
Where are the areas affected by the flood?
Who are affected?
Why was the flooding unusual at this time of the year?
How does flooding affects tourism?

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Earthquake struck New Zealand

A 7.8-magnitude earthquake and a series of powerful aftershocks left thousands stranded in a New Zealand town near the quake's epicenter. A local state of emergency has been declared for the region of Canterbury, which is home to the areas hardest hit by the quake. Helicopters are being sent to airlift trapped tourists and locals from cut-off communities in the Hurunui and Kaikoura districts.
There have been between 80,000 to 100,000 landslides since the main quake with areas of the Inland and Seaward Kaikoura Ranges the most affected. As a results, a  number of roads are closed indefinitely.

Watch the videos below and reflect on the followings:
What cause earthquake?
When did this earthquake occur?
Where was the epicenter of the earthquake?
Who are affected by this earthquake?
Why was the earthquake damaging?

Watch the video below showing how the earthquake uplifted the coastline of New Zealand as well as the other impacts of the earthquake.

The earthquake lifted the seabed by 2m and created new land

How big can Tsunamis get? Watch this video to find out more:

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Singapore using less electricity and water

Individual Effort
Home electricity consumption per capita fell from 115.7kWh in 2006 to 108.7kWh  in 2015. This could be due to more people using more energy efficient household appliances such as air-conditioners and refrigerators.

International Effort
The Paris climate pact seeks to limit global warming to under 2°C above pre-industrial levels, and countries, including Singapore, have committed to implementing measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. 

National Effort
Singapore's climate policy is based on three pillars - fuel switching (Green Plan), increasing energy efficiency (E.g. energy efficient buildings under the Green Mark Scheme), and developing renewable energy. Most of Singapore's electricity is already generated by natural gas, the cleanest form of fossil fuel. But there are limitations, such as the lack of suitable sites, to tapping renewable energy sources. 


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