More extreme weather for Singapore?

You would have read the news that dry weather is expected to last for 2 more weeks at least last Monday on the Straits Times 2nd March 2014:

How has the weather affected us? 
How has the climate change affected Singapore?

Watch the news on how extreme weather has affected us in 2014: 

1.  What do you think is the main cause of the climate change?
2.  What is the more extreme weather caused by climate change in Singapore?
3.  What are the physical and human impacts of such extreme weather on us?

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Fewer tourists visited Singapore in 2014 but receipts hold firm

Fewer tourists visited Singapore last year compared to 2013. International visitor arrivals totalled 15.1 million last year, a 3.1 per cent dip from 2013's 15.6 million, which was a record in visitor arrivals. The drop last year was especially prominent in the China market. The number of Chinese visitors last year fell 24 per cent from 2013.  

The STB said the drop was likely due to factors such as the implementation of China's Tourism Law, regional socio-political issues and recent aviation incidents in the region.
But despite the dip in the total number of visitors, each visitor spent marginally more compared to 2013, with tourism receipts for 2014 holding steady at S$23.5 billion.
On the back of a stronger Korean won against the Singapore dollar, 14 per cent more South Koreans visited Singapore last year compared to 2013. The Hong Kong and Vietnam markets also saw an increase in visitor arrivals of 17 and 11 per cent, respectively, compared to 2013.


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Heavy rain from NE Monsoon

Heavy rain brought by NE Monsoon caused flooding in Malaysia.
Watch the video clip and reflect on the following:
1. What causes the formation of the NE Monsoon?
2. Why does the NE Monsoon bring heavy rain to Malaysia?
3. What are the impacts of the heavy rain?

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Leading cause of death in 2013

A map for the students to ponder -
What caused the difference in the reasons for deaths globally?
Is it connected to development?
Is it connected to food?


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Human Development Indicator

Look at how the HDI varies across the countries on the interactive map. You can also drag the indicator along the time scale to see how the HDI have changed with time.
The interactive map is available on

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tourist industry 2014

2014 is a year full of misfortunes for the tourist industry and yet there is an increase in international tourists worldwide by 5% in the first 10 months of 2014 with more than 1.1 billion according to the latest UNWTO World Tourism Barometer,.

Transport disasters:
1. 239 people (mainly Chinese and Malaysian) on board flight MH370, which disappeared on 8 March on its way from KL to Beijing
3. 298 people (mainly Dutch, Malaysian and Australian) were on board MH17, which was shot down over eastern Ukraine on 17 July on their way from Netherlands to Malaysia
4. Taiwan: 48 dead (mainly Taiwanese with 2 French exchange program students) in Trans Asia Airways GE222 plane crash on Peng hu island on 23 July
5. Air Algerie flight AH5017 crashed in Mali, Africa with 116 people (mainly French on transit) on board 24 July
6. 162 people on board Air Asia which lose contact when flying from Surabaya to Singapore.

Outbreak of diseases:
Ebola outbreak in West Africa
Philippines advisory for travellers to ebola affected country -

Political unrests:
Thai crisis
social unrest in Vietnam
Protests in Vietnam
unrest in Turkey

Terrorism threat in Egypt -

example of travel advisory issued for travellers to countries facing political unrests -

Map on travel warnings -

How did the above affects the tourist industry?

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Eruption of Pico do Fogo volcano in Cabo Verde Nov 2014

Lava from Pico do Fogo volcano in Cabo Verde which erupted from the 23 November 2014, destroyed two nearby towns and about 1,500 inhabitants were evacuated and continued to advance.

Pictures on the eruption

Why do volcanoes erupt?
From the Wikipedia article -
1. Pico do Fogo is a stratovolcano. What is a stratovolcano?
2. Why do people continue to stay on the slopes of the volcano despite the dangers of eruptions?
3. What are the effects of the eruptions?
4. What efforts are made to reduce the harm from the eruptions?


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Earthquake Yun Nan 3 Aug 2014

More than 367 people died and nearly 2,000 were injured when a strong earthquake hit southwest China's mountainous Yunnan province on Sunday (August 3). Note the short term responses - setting up the relief team. Though the magnitude of the earthquake is only 6.1, it struck at a relatively shallow depth of 10 kilometres, many buildings collapsed resulting in more casualties.

Landslides following the 6.5-magnitude earthquake that struck Yunnan Province on Sunday have led to the formation of “barrier lakes.” The rising water levels in these lakes could potentially trigger devastating floods for those living downstream.

What was the impacts of the earthquake?
What are the responses to the earthquake as shown in the video clip?

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For my Geography students.. read the article from the link above and note the epicenter of the quake, the magnitude, the tsunamis, the aftershock, breakwater, evacuation and contaminated water... Revise on the cause, impacts and management of tectonic hazards

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Impact of hotspots and volcanic eruption on Singapore

Maps are very useful in illustrating the geographical concepts of Place, Space, Scale and Environment. You can see how the hotspots in Indonesia has affected Singapore and the region in June 2013.

The maps also showed how the haze was not only due to the hotspots but also affected by the wind direction.  The 2nd map showed the hotspots for the region on 3 Feb 2014.
Volcanic eruptions could have also affected Singapore as ashes are thrown out during the eruption. However due to the wind direction and the distance of the volcanoes from Singapore, we are not affected by the recent eruption of the volcanoes in Indonesia.
An eruption of Indonesia's Mount Sinabung on 4 February resulted in an ash plume of 3.6km. Based on dispersion model simulations by the Meteorological Service Singapore as well as Australia's Darwin Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre, the volcanic ash is expected to move southeast, and be confined to the northern half of Sumatra for the next 48 hours. The NEA added that three other volcanoes - Mount Karangatang, Mount Lokon and Mount Paluwah are likely to erupt but pose little threats

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Warmer and Wetter Singapore

Scientists projected average surface temperatures across the world will increase by at least 0.3°C – 1.7°C and at most between 2.6°C and 4.8°C, by the years 2081 to 2100, sad the Inter-governmental Panel on Climate Change report.Applied to the Southeast Asian region, this could translate to between 0.5 to 1°C, or 3 to 4°C, according to estimates from Singapore's Centre for Climate Research (CCRS). Taking the most severe scenario of 3°C, Singapore will see daily maximum temperatures of 34°C more often, and rainfall will increase by 25 per cent every 20 years. As it is, Singapore's temperatures have increased by more than double the rate of the rest of the world — 0.26°C over the past 60 years as compared to 0.12°C. Rainfall intensity has also increased to 107mm from 80mm per hour over the past 30 years, but not necessarily due to global warming, said the CCRS in a statement released by the National Environment Agency. Another key measurement scientists are watching is sea levels, which they project will also increase, depending on the level of greenhouse gas emissions the world produces.The report also cites the melting of the Greenland Ice Sheet, which it predicts will take over a millennium at least to liquidate completely, but when it does, average global sea levels will rise by up to 7m.

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