Tropical cyclone Fani

Tropical cyclone Fani, with a windspeed of over 200km/hr, will be one of strongest affecting the Bay of Bengal area since Tropical cyclone Nargis in 2008.

Refer to the following article on Tropical Cyclone Fani.“fani”

Where are the areas affected by the tropical cyclones?
When did the tropical cyclone affect the areas?
What are the impacts brought by the tropical cyclones?
How can the impacts from the tropical cyclone be mitigated?

The path of the tropical cyclone

Preparedness measures

Impacts of the tropical cyclone Fani in India

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Food production and consumption

Read the article below to see how technology, government policy and climate change have affected food production in Myanmar.

Globalisation which promote accessibility to fast food affecting food consumption and negative impacts which arise from it.

Who are affected by the decrease in food production?
Why is there a decrease in food production?
What are the impacts of a decrease in food production?
How can the impacts be mitigated?

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Political situation affecting Sri Lanka tourism

Sri Lanka’s $4.4 billion tourism industry is adversely affected by the multiple suicide bombings that killed over 250 people two weeks ago. Tourism, which accounts for 5 percent of the country’s gross domestic product, has suffered as tourists from around the world cancelled hotel and flight bookings fearing more attacks.

Why does the political situation in Sri Lanka affect tourism?

How can this affect the economy and people in Sri Lanka?

What other events can hinder the growth of tourism?

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Ebola outbreak in DR Congo

More than 1,000 people have now died of Ebola in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

Challenges faced by the humanitarian groups in fighting the outbreak are the political situation and the resistance within communities to preventative measures, care facilities and safe burials. The long-standing presence of various rebel groups in Ituri and North Kivu has made it difficult for health workers to access tho 12000 people who might have come into contact with Ebola.

Tens of thousands of people were uprooted by the resurgence of violence in the east of the country. Among them, some 7,000 displaced people are housed in a primary school where the only water source is a nearby river and there are not enough toilets. Thus the risk of disease spread is high.

In the conflict-ridden country as a whole, more than 13 million people need humanitarian aid. More than five million have had to flee their homes, and Uganda is already home to more than 1.2 million refugees.


Why does political situations affect the spread of disease?
What are the other factors affecting spread of disease?
How does international organisations help in mitigating the impacts of the spread of disease?
Where are the areas prone to the spread of disease?

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Expansion to integrated resort

The $9 billion investment include a new entertainment arena and hotel tower at Marina Bay Sands (MBS), while Resorts World Sentosa (RWS) will extend Universal Studios Singapore to include two new attractions - Minion Park and Super Nintendo World. 

Currently, the integrated resorts together directly employ close to 20,000 people - more than 65 per cent of whom are locals, and also support another 40,000 jobs. The expansion will create 5000 more jobs in which two third will be taken up by locals.

How will the investment in destination encourage growth of tourism?
Why is there a need to expand the integrated resorts?
What are the positive impacts of tourism?

4 April 2019

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Ensuring food security

Watch the video below on the role of Government ensuring food security in Singapore:
What is food security?
Why is there a need for strategies to ensure food security?
How can the three strategies mentioned in the video be introduced?

Are we able to produce 30% of our nutritional need by 2030?

Assistance from Government 
  • high-tech controlled environments
  • automate and integrate systems via robotics and sensors. 
  • Indoor multi-storey vegetable farms that use light-emitting-diode technology and recirculating aquaculture systems
  • Singapore Food Agency (SFA) offering technical support, research-and-development tie-ups and the transfer of technology to farmer e.g advanced systems such as curtain systems that shade crops and reduce the impact of high temperatures on crop growth.  

  • Underused and alternative spaces such as vacant state buildings, rooftops and even the deep sea. 
  • Deep-sea fish farming e.g. Barramundi Asia — Singapore’s largest farm rearing barramundi (Asian sea bass) in large sea-cage enclosures off Semakau island.  
  •  develop courses, such as SkillsFuture Earn and Learn Programmes, that lead to diplomas in urban agricultural technology and aquaculture.
  • initiatives to promote homegrown produce e.g.SG Farmers’ Markets in the heartlands and supermarkets to hold fairs featuring home grown produce.


Protecting our indigenous farmers.

Watch the video @

What is GM food?
How can GM food such as the GM sea bass help in food security?

Watch the following on land grabbing. Is leasing land to grow crops in developing countries a solution to overcome food shortage?

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Living with natural disasters

Why is it difficult for LDC, such as Indonesia, to respond to natural disasters such as the recent earthquakes at Lombok as well the eruption of Anak Krakatoa which triggered a tsunamis?
What can be done to mitigate the impacts of earthquakes and tsunamis?
Where are the areas prone to the risks of earthquakes?

Watch this video @

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Extreme weather Jan 2019

Have you been feeling the heat lately?
Is the extreme heat a results of climate change?
Why is high temperatures with high humidity deadly?

Look at the heatwave in Australia with temperature as high as 48.9 degree celsius!

On the other hand, Europe experience extremely cold weather.
School closed, traffic and communication disrupted. Avalanche, accidents on road etc leading to deaths.

Where are the places affected by the extreme weather?
When was the extreme weather experienced?
Who are affected by the extreme weather?
What are the impacts of the extreme weather?
Why does temperature differ at different parts of the world?
How can the impacts of climate change be mitigated?

Look at last year's record in Singpore (2018)

On 30 Jan 2018 , intense thunderstorms brought rain On 31 Jan 2018, strong wind gusts from a waterspout off Singapore's east coast sent small boats and other objects flying.
 On March 30, strong winds from an intense thunderstorm uprooted trees and caused substantial damage to farms in the Lim Chu Kang area. And a wind gust measuring 133.3kmh recorded at nearby Tengah that day was the strongest in eight years.

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Urban agriculture in Singapore

Urban agriculture improves food security for land-scarce countries like Singapore. It is also water and energy saving and help to reduce carbon footprints through encouraging the consumption of local produce.

What is food security?
Why is it important to ensure food security?
How does the government ensure food security?

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